Daniel 9:2 “…understood by books the number of the years, whereof the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah the prophet, that he would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem”
Jeremiah had prophesied that the captivity would last 70 years. He wrote that in the letters he sent to the exiles. Daniel had read the letters and realized that the time of the return was drawing near. According to the commentary, this corresponds with his remarks in verse one. Darius would have taken the kingdom of the Chaldeans in 538, so his first year of reign would be 537, 69 years after the beginning of the exile.
4-19 Daniel’s prayer. He confesses that Israel sinned against God by not following His commands. Although God was very patient and waited for them to repent, they never did. Therefore, God brought on them the punishments He had promised to Moses if Israel rejected Him. Daniel prays for God’s forgiveness, not because of anything Israel deserved, but because of God’s great mercy.
19 “O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive; O Lord, hearken and do; defer not, for thine own sake, O my God: for thy city and thy people are called by thy name.”
Core of the prayer. It is worth praying to God for He is the one and only true God that can not only hear our prayers, but can also act on our behalf.
21 “…the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning…”
Gabriel returns to provide more information.
23 “At the beginning of thy supplications the commandment came forth…”
God heard Daniel’s prayer immediately and commanded the answer then. If He waits to respond to us, it is due to His perfect wisdom and timing.
23 “…for thou art greatly beloved…”
A reminder that the God Daniel served wasn’t a cold, uncaring force, but a Father who created and loved him.
24 “Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city…
The key to all of the visions given to Daniel and Nebuchadnezzar. Everything given refers to time as it relates to the Jewish nation, from the time of Nebuchadnezzar to the time of the Antichrist. The segment is broken into 70 weeks of years. Sixty-nine of them passed from Cyrus until Jesus entered Jerusalem on Palm Sunday when the clock stopped. One week, or seven years remains to be completed. After the clock resumes, the last week begins. It is called the Tribulation with the last half or three and a half years referred to as the Great Tribulation. It is detailed in the book of Revelation by John the Apostle. When it ends, Jesus returns to set up His millennial kingdom.
Since Jesus’s triumphal entry into Jerusalem, we have been living in the Church Age or Age of Grace. Exactly when that will end is unknown, but obviously before the clock resumes. Probably at the Rapture of the family of God as the only ones left are unsaved.
25-26 “…from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks…after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself…”
There were 483 years from the decree until Jesus entered Jerusalem, then He died for all mankind, not for Himself. The clock had stopped.
26-27 “…the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary…he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease…”
The Romans destroyed Jerusalem in 70 AD. The Antichrist, or the prince who will come, will be from the old Roman empire in some shape or form. He will make a covenant with the Jews for that last week. It is believed the creation of that covenant restarts the clock.
I hope you enjoy reading and studying His word. May it accomplish what He desires. Please feel free to comment or post questions. Thanks for reading!