Bible Study Notes on Esther 3 – 20160826

Bible Study Notes

Esther 3:1  “…Haman, the son of Hammedatha the Agagite…”
Agag was king of the Amalekites.  In 1 Samuel 15, God had ordered Saul to completely destroy them along with all they had.  Saul didn’t do it.  He saved the flocks and herds and brought king Agag back alive although Samuel eventually killed him.  Obviously he missed some of the descendents as well.

2  “…the king’s servants…bowed and paid homage to Haman…Mordecai would not bow or pay homage”
Wasn’t just respect.  They were giving homage as though he were a form of god.  This wouldn’t sit well with a Jew.

4  “…told them that he was a Jew”
Mordecai didn’t hide the fact he was a Jew, and used this to explain his behavior.  I wonder how much of the episode of the Hebrews and the furnace the people of this time knew.

6  “…Haman sought to destroy all the Jews…”
Makes a little more sense once you realize Haman’s ancestry.  The Jews had once nearly destroyed his people.  Now he was going to return the favor.  Combined with Mordecai’s refusal to pay homage, it was more than Haman could stand.

7  “…first month, which is the month of Nisan…”
Hebrew month.

7  “…they cast Pur (that is, the lot)…fell on the twelfth month, which is the month of Adar”
Proverbs says the lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is of the LORD.  God set up an entire year before anything would be done.  Haman doesn’t realize with Whom he is dealing.

8-9  “…they do not keep the king’s laws…I will pay ten thousand talents of silver…”
He had to lie about the Jews in order to get his scheme accepted.  And He offers to reimburse the king for any lost revenue from the action.  A person’s argument is never very strong when they have to lie about it.

12  “…sealed with the king’s signet ring”
The king is doing something he won’t be able to take back according to their law.  Will probably make him angrier when he finds out.

13  “…to destroy, to kill, and to annihilate all the Jews, both young and old, little children and women, in one day…to plunder their possessions”
Total annihilation of a people.  Not sure if the plunder was going to be kept locally or if Haman expected to receive some or all of what belonged to those killed.

15  “…king and Haman sat down to drink, but the city of Shushan was perplexed”
Just another day at the office.  Decree that a section of people be completely destroyed one minute then sit down and have a drink the next.  Man without God is totally depraved.

I hope you enjoy reading and studying His word.  May it accomplish what He desires.  Please feel free to comment or post questions.  Thanks for reading!

Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

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