Acts 2:1 “Day of Pentecost…”
Greek term for the fiftieth day of the feast of weeks. Ten days have passed since Jesus ascended.
2-4 “…rushing mighty wind…divided tongues, as of fire…began to speak with other tongues…”
Physical manifestation of the arrival of the Holy Spirit, sound and light. Also the sign of different languages coming from each of them. This will be a sign for them again later. However, it is important to note that the manifestations and signs do not occur each time the Holy Spirit indwells someone. These were teaching times that God was using to show the disciples the true fulfillment of His plan. They were going to have to let go of their human ideas regarding God’s plan and accept His.
5 “…Jews…from every nation under heaven”
Devout Jews from other countries who had come to Jerusalem for the feasts. They each spoke the native language of the country from which they originated. Even at that time, the Jewish people were not consolidated in Israel.
6 “…everyone heard them speak in his own language”
Explanation of the earlier sign of each speaking in other languages. This wasn’t some prayer language or unknown tongue, but an earthly language which could be understood by those who spoke it. It was given so the message could be understood by all, and I think as a sign that all peoples were to be included.
13 “…They are full of new wine”
Those hearing the other languages, but not understanding, assumed the disciples were babbling due to drunkenness.
14 “…Peter…raised his voice and said to them…”
Peter has become bold. He is fulfilling what Jesus said of him, when he returns to strengthen the brethren. He has gone from denying Christ to speaking boldly for Him.
32 “…we are all witnesses”
First hand knowledge of the resurrection of Christ.
38 “…you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit”
It was already clear to Peter and the others that the Spirit was to be given to all who accept Christ. One doesn’t have to do anything else to receive Him, He is given as a guarantee of our redemption.
41 “…those who gladly received his word were baptized…about three thousand souls were added to them”
That was one more altar call. Commentary questions how that many people could have been baptized on a single day if they practiced immersion. Very surprised at the question. Shows a lack of faith in the scripture as well as a misinterpretation. Baptism as a word means immersion. The scripture would be speaking literally here. The term wasn’t used to describe a ritual until later, and man has been confused about it ever since. There were multiple pools of water around the temple area at the time used for ceremonial cleansing. They could have easily been used to immerse that many folks.
43 “…fear came upon every soul…”
Odd statement. But certainly means a great sense of awe at the working of God.
44-45 “…all who believed…had all things in common…sold their possessions…divided them among all, as anyone had need”
This is not socialism as some claim. The believers saw their possessions as belonging to God, they didn’t count them as their own. They allowed Him to use them as He saw fit. If anyone had a need, they would gladly sell a possession to acquire the funds to fulfill the need. They did it willingly, as God moved them. Socialism takes money and possessions and redistributes them as a few dictate.
I hope you enjoy reading and studying His word. May it accomplish what He desires. Please feel free to comment or post questions. Thanks for reading!
Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.