Zechariah 1:1 “…second year of Darius…”
According to the intro in the commentary, he was a prophet to the exiles returning to the land. Still under the control of Darius, the Medo/Persian empire.
4 “Do not be like your fathers…”
He opens with a call to repentance and an admonition to not be like their forefathers who would not listen to God and repent. The exact reason for the call isn’t mentioned yet. Commentaries say it was because the people had returned to the land to rebuild the temple, but had failed to complete the task. Should see that as we get deeper in.
5-6 “Your fathers, where are they? And the prophets, do they live forever? Yet surely My words and My statutes, Which I commanded My servants the prophets, Did they not overtake your fathers?…”
Although the former people have died as well as the prophets who preached to them, the message from God is still there and valid. He doesn’t change his mind, and His message doesn’t change.
6 “…Just as the LORD of hosts determined to do to us, According to our ways and according to our deeds, So He has dealt with us”
The people taken into exile finally had to admit God was dealing with them according to their sinful actions.
8 “I saw by night…”
Not sure if this was a vision of night or he means it was a dream.
8-11 “…a man riding on a red horse…behind him were horses…the angel who talked with me…they answered the Angel of the LORD, who stood among the myrtle trees…behold, all the earth is resting quietly”
Mentions a man on a horse then other horses. Commentary says that would mean other horsemen like the first. Then there is another man/angel standing who speaks to Zechariah about what is happening. The horsemen answer to the Angel of the LORD which is a reference to the pre-incarnate Christ, the Lord of the Angels. They tell Him all the earth is resting quietly. Commentary fits this into the idea of the temple not being built as to say that all the heathen earth is resting peacefully, yet the LORD’s house is not built and Jerusalem is desolate.
12 “…O LORD of hosts, how long will You not have mercy on Jerusalem and on the cities of Judah…”
Fits into the idea previously stated. The earth is at peace but Israel is desolate.
12 “…You were angry these seventy years”
Length of the exile.
15 “I am exceedingly angry with the nations at ease; For I was a little angry, And they helped—but with evil intent.”
God used the nations of the earth to exercise His judgment on Israel, but they showed their heart. They didn’t recognize that it was all God’s doing. They believed themselves to be stronger and mightier. So now God will judge them.
16 “…And a surveyor’s line shall be stretched out over Jerusalem”
Not only will the temple be built, but also the city.
20 “…These are the horns that scattered Judah, so that no one could lift up his head; but the craftsmen are coming to terrify them, to cast out the horns of the nations that lifted up their horn against the land of Judah to scatter it.”
Vision of the horns and craftsmen. Declaring judgment on those that scattered Judah, Israel, and Jerusalem.
I hope you enjoy reading and studying His word. May it accomplish what He desires. Please feel free to comment or post questions. Thanks for reading!
Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.