Jonah 4:1 “…it displeased Jonah exceedingly…”
The fact that God had relented of the destruction planned for Nineveh.
2 “…was not this what I said when I was still in my country…”
Have to read between the lines here. Jonah’s a prophet. His credibility rests on events happening exactly as he predicts or prophesies. When God told him to go and preach to Nineveh, Jonah knew there was the possibility that the people would repent and God would relent from His planned destruction. In that event, the destruction that Jonah prophesied would happen wouldn’t come, and he’d look like a false prophet. Also, as evil as the Ninevites were, Jonah probably didn’t want God to show them mercy. He knew if he preached to them, they would have the chance to repent.
3 “…please take my life from me, for it is better for me to die than to live”
Probably over the failed event. He looks like a false prophet.
5 “…he made himself a shelter and sat under it in the shade, till he might see what would become of the city”
He knew the city had made a show of repentance, but he wouldn’t have known how deep. Forty days had been prophesied. He’s getting out of the way to watch what will happen. Maybe God would punish them a little bit.
6 “…made it come up over Jonah, that it might be shade for his head…”
Shelter was covering, but the added plant appears to have filled in any gaps making a more solid canopy and a better shade.
10-11 “…You have had pity on the plant…which came up in a night and perished in a night…should I not pity Nineveh…in which are more than one hundred and twenty thousand persons…and much livestock”
Jonah was upset over the death of a plant all because it caused him to suffer a bit in the heat. Yet he was perfectly willing for all the people of Nineveh to perish and wouldn’t give it a second thought. He missed the whole purpose of being a prophet. Not to just prophesy and be thought a great prophet when your words came true, but to share the messages of God. To share either good news of God’s love, or bad news of God’s judgment which was designed to bring people back to Him. Either way, the point was to aid in the relationship between God and man.
I hope you enjoy reading and studying His word. May it accomplish what He desires. Please feel free to comment or post questions. Thanks for reading!
Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.