Matthew 16:2-3 “…When it is evening you say, ‘It will be fair weather, for the sky is red’; and in the morning, ‘It will be foul weather today, for the sky is red and threatening…”
A high school teacher told us once, red sky at night, sailors’ delight, red sky at morning, sailors take warning. Wasn’t sure how this works out, but it matches what Christ said was a common saying in that day.
4 “A wicked and adulterous generation seeks after a sign…”
Have run into this earlier in the book. They should be able to discern who and what Christ is due to what has been given to them. Only the heathen who don’t know God would need to ask for a sign. If God’s people are having to ask for one, they obviously haven’t been following Him.
4 “…no sign shall be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah…”
As mentioned earlier in the book, the sign of Jonah is that he was in the fish for three days and three nights, however you count that. Jesus will be in the tomb for the same three days then rise again, proving that He is the Messiah. I think Jesus is saying that because of their unbelief, they’ll have to wait until it happens to see anything.
8 “…O you of little faith, why do you reason among yourselves because you have brought no bread”
I think Jesus got frustrated with the disciples from time to time. They were so focused on shallow, physical things. They failed to open their minds to what He was trying to teach them. He mentions leaven and they immediately think only of bread. It’s like they weren’t paying attention to anything that transpired between Jesus and the Pharisees. I feel like He was constantly having to tell them to wake up and see what was going on in the world.
9-10 “…remember the five loaves of the five thousand and how many baskets…seven loaves of the four thousand and how many large baskets…”
Here is evidence that the two instances are distinct and not just a retelling of the same occurrence. Not only were there different numbers of people and loaves, but also the size of the baskets used to gather the fragments.
12 “…but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and Sadducees”
The point Jesus was trying to make. He’d just had an altercation with the Pharisees, a reminder of how spiritually corrupt they were. He wanted the disciples to see how wrong the Pharisees and Sadducees were. Their corruptness spread to everything they touched like leaven in dough. They misunderstood what the scriptures said, and they taught incorrect doctrine based on their own ideas instead of God’s.
I hope you enjoy reading and studying His word. May it accomplish what He desires. Please feel free to comment or post questions. Thanks for reading!
Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.