Bible Study Notes on Matthew 22:23-46 – 20180212

Bible Study Notes

Matthew 22:23  “…the Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection…”
The Pharisees were fair you see because they believed in the resurrection.  The Sadducees were sad you see because they didn’t believe in the resurrection.  I’d never heard nor checked on which part of the resurrection the Sadducees denied, just that of the body or that there was an afterlife at all.  Commentary suggests they didn’t believe in any part of it, body or soul.  Having that belief makes no sense.  Would be like being a true atheist, no reason to do anything as there is nothing to come, no afterlife or accountability.  No accounting for the weird beliefs people can have with no support.

25  “Now there were with us seven brothers…”
Convoluted tale.  Poor woman married into a sick family.

30  “…in the resurrection they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels of God…”
Have heard a lot on this, and most comes up short of explaining even what we know.  Some have suggested that the ability to know or remember the personal connection between husbands and wives won’t be there in Heaven, but that makes no sense if we are to know as we are known.  I think it’s obvious that we won’t be bound in a marriage in the legal sense as people are now.  And one commentary suggested that a saintly wife of two saintly husbands may love both with an angelic, and therefore pure affection, which is a good statement.  But a lot of what I read in the commentaries tries to say marriage comes from our fallen world.  Perhaps our current understanding of it does, but it didn’t originally.  God instructed Adam and Eve to be fruitful and multiply as a couple before the fall.  If sin and death had not entered the scene, mankind would have continued in their state forever.  Any argument against the need for coupling or children in the new world fails if it is to be similar to what God had originally intended.  That opens a whole case of other questions.  From what Jesus said, people aren’t bound by marriage as they are here.  What else that means we don’t know.  Will just have to wait and see.

32  “…’I am the God of Abraham’…God is not the God of the dead, but of the living”
That blew any idea that the soul ceases to exist after death.  May give us more of an idea of what the Sadducees believed.

34  “…they gathered together”
Wonder what their thinking was here.  They wouldn’t mind that Jesus had confounded the Sadducees, but they still wanted to trip Jesus up.

39  “…You shall love your neighbor as yourself”
I think of the ten commandments when I hear commandment, but there were others given.  Loving your neighbor as yourself was given in Leviticus 19.  Jesus picked the first two that defines all of them, not just some from the list of ten.  If you love God first then love others as yourself, you have everything else covered.

41  “…Jesus asked them”
Turning the tables.

45  “…how is He his Son”
Commentary suggests Jesus was referencing the preexistence of the Messiah, not just as a man who descended from David.  Probably the case.  I wondered if it was also a question of greatness or lordship, that being a son of David wouldn’t have made Him greater than David, yet David called Him Lord.

46  “…from that day on did anyone dare question Him anymore”
They didn’t bother trying to trip Him up anymore.  They had decided they had to get rid of Him.  Crucifixion was at hand.

I hope you enjoy reading and studying His word.  May it accomplish what He desires.  Please feel free to comment or post questions.  Thanks for reading!

Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

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