Exodus 24:7 “…All that the LORD has said we will do, and be obedient”
God called the people together, and Moses read the Book of the Covenant to them. They heard the words of God and what He wanted to do with them. This was their response. They would follow Him and be obedient. But they set themselves up. Not sure if this is all the people or the seventy elders speaking for the people. Commentaries just say the people.
8 “…Moses took the blood, sprinkled it on the people…”
Sealing of the covenant. He had already sprinkled part of the blood on the altar, signifying God’s part. Now he sprinkles the people denoting their part. Commentaries vary on whether he sprinkled the people, the representatives, or the pillars representing the people. With over two million people, I would guess it was the representatives.
10 “…they saw the God of Israel. And there was under His feet as it were a paved work of sapphire stone…”
Sounds like an appearance of the pre-incarnate Christ, but Deuteronomy 4:12 says otherwise. Commentaries weren’t very clear, other than to agree they didn’t see a figure. Hard to tell if what is being described is something Moses saw, or the representation of God which the people saw.
12 “…Come up to Me on the mountain and be there; and I will give you tablets of stone…”
The command to come up and receive the ten commandments as well as other laws.
13 “…Moses arose with his assistant Joshua…”
Joshua would go with him to a point.
14 “…Wait here for us until we come back to you. Indeed, Aaron and Hur are with you. If any man has a difficulty, let him go to them”
Instructions left for the people as Moses left. All they had to do was wait for him, no matter how long it took. They said they would do as God said and be obedient. And they had Aaron and others to look to for reassurance.
17 “…sight of the glory of the LORD was like a consuming fire…”
How it appeared to the people. Smoke covered the mountain with fire at the top. This apparently went on for the length of time Moses was there with God.
18 “…Moses was on the mountain forty days and forty nights”
Quite a long time to be gone, but by this time it shouldn’t have mattered. The people had been following God since they left Egypt, and He had shown Himself faithful and powerful. They were told all they needed to know. All they had to do was wait.
I hope you enjoy reading and studying His word. May it accomplish what He desires. Please feel free to comment or post questions. Thanks for reading!
Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.