Bible Study Notes on Exodus 39 & 40 – 20190425

WritingIIIExodus 39:1-7  Creation of the priestly garments including the ephod

8-21  Making of the breastplate according to instructions

22-31  Making of other garments including the turban

32-41  Delivery of the Tabernacle and priestly garments to Moses

43  “…as the LORD had commanded, just so they had done it…”
As rebellious as the Israelites were, at least here they did exactly as the LORD commanded.  And gave more than was needed.


Exodus 40:2  “On the first day of the first month…”
God established the Passover to start on the fourteenth of the first month.  Now He’s having them set up the tabernacle on the first of the month.  Establishing items at the beginning of the year.

3  “…partition off the ark with the veil”
Put the ark at the far end of the tabernacle or tent, then hang the veil in front of it to separate it from everything else.  Then bring in the other implements.

7  “…set the laver between the tabernacle of meeting and the altar…”
So you have tent, laver, and bronze altar.  The laver was closest to the tent as the priests had to wash each time they went inside.

9  “…anoint the tabernacle and all that is in it…”
With the special anointing oil created for the purpose.

15  “…their anointing shall surely be an everlasting priesthood throughout their generations”
The sons of Aaron would be priests throughout their generations as long as the priesthood existed.  They aren’t needed now that Christ has come and become the ultimate sacrifice.  But I wonder about the millennial reign.  Will He have Aaron’s descendants perform some particular function within the temple during His reign before the end?  Some special office perhaps?  No hints, just empty thinking and speculation.

17  “…in the first month of the second year…”
The second year since they left Egypt.  Commentary reminded they didn’t leave until the Passover on the 14th.  So fourteen days shy of a full year since they left.

17-33  Moses sets up the tabernacle and the court along with all the implements.

32  “…as the LORD had commanded Moses”
Phrase is repeated after mentioning each thing Moses did to set up the tabernacle.  Assuming it’s to show that all was done exactly as God commanded.  Commentary suggested it shows Moses put the same effort into being precise as the workers did in building everything.

34  “Then the cloud covered the tabernacle of meeting, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle.”
The cloud which showed the presence of God during the day.  The pillar of fire would be there during the night.

37  “…if the cloud was not taken up, then they did not journey…”
Israelites only moved when the cloud or fire lifted from above the tabernacle and moved on.

38  “For the cloud of the LORD was above the tabernacle by day, and fire was over it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel, throughout all their journeys.”
The presence of God was there with them, where He could be seen, while they journeyed.  Did a search for the tribes and realized I had the timing mixed up with regard to God being among the people.  I thought the people had been arranged with the tabernacle in the middle of their camp up until God became angry with them and had Moses move the tabernacle outside of camp.  But it appears that incident occurred before the official tabernacle was created.  Apparently Moses’s tent was used as the tent of meeting, and when God became angry with them, He had Moses move his tent outside the camp so He would not destroy the people.  According to Numbers 2, the camp was arranged with the tribes positioned to compass points around the tabernacle.  Then when they moved, half of the tribes would move out before the Levites with the pieces of the tabernacle, followed by the remaining tribes.  This appears to be their practice as they left Sinai and then as they wandered during the forty years.

I hope you enjoy reading and studying His word.  May it accomplish what He desires.  Please feel free to comment or post questions.  Thanks for reading!

Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

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