Bible Study Notes on Luke 22:1-23 – 20180826

WritingIIILuke 22:2  “…sought how they might kill Him, for they feared the people”
Tried to find a way to get Him without anyone knowing.  They knew they couldn’t stand up to the pressure of the people.  So they had to be devious.

6  “…opportunity to betray Him to them in the absence of the multitude”
This is where the betrayal came in.  Religious leaders could have spied Him out, but Judas provided an inside for them.  He would be able to let them know when Jesus was away from the crowds and be vulnerable to their attack.  And so he did.

10  “…a man will meet you carrying a pitcher of water…”
I’m not concerned with a man carrying water.  The amazing thing to me is that Jesus tells them what they’ll see and to follow him into the very house where someone already knows to show them the upper room.  He doesn’t just tell them to go to such and such a house where they’ll find this and that.  Makes you wonder why He did it this way.  Perhaps He was showing them His control over all things, even the seemingly random.  One commentary said it was a trial of faith and obedience for the disciples as well as proof of His omniscience and deity.

13  “…and they prepared the Passover”
Didn’t question what they found.  Just did as they were told and completed the task when they found everything as Jesus said.  Should be our attitude.  Trust and obedience.

16  “…until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God”
Some may have other ideas about His meaning here.  I think He’s referring to the marriage supper of the Lamb at the end of time.  The Passover meal was one of remembrance of what God had done for the Jews, the salvation provided by the death of the lamb.  That last supper when all is said and done will be a remembrance of what Christ the Lamb of God has done to save us.  And all who are redeemed will be at that supper.  Going to be something.

19  “…He took bread…This is My body which is given for you…”
So obviously not His real body.  God has strict rules against cannibalism and eating/drinking blood, so He would not have been suggesting the disciples do that to Him.  It was set up using bread and wine to show the sacrifice He was about to make by having His body broken and His blood shed.  Which is why Paul would later say as long as you participate in Communion or the Lord’s Supper, you show the Lord’s death for us until He comes.  Jesus once had an argument with some religious leaders where He claimed that people would need to eat His flesh and drink His blood, and that it would be good food and drink.  From the context it’s obvious He was speaking about people accepting Him and the sacrifice He would make for the world, and that He said what He did to greatly antagonize the leaders.  The reason He was successful there was because of the aversion people had due to what God had said.

20  “…the new covenant in My blood…”
As opposed to the old one of sacrificing sheep, goats, and bulls.  Jesus was the fulfillment of all things.  The ultimate sacrifice.

22  “…woe to that man by whom He is betrayed”
This wasn’t a case of preplanned action which had to have a fulfillment.  When we talk of how things were, were supposed to be, and were prophesied to be, and throw in God’s sovereignty, it becomes one theological tangle.  We know Jesus would be betrayed because it was prophesied He would be.  But it didn’t have to be.  Judas didn’t betray Jesus because it was prophesied, it was prophesied because He was going to betray Him.  He made His own choice.  And why God had it occur that way is a mystery.

I hope you enjoy reading and studying His word.  May it accomplish what He desires.  Please feel free to comment or post questions.  Thanks for reading!

Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

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