Bible Study Notes on Luke 22:24-38 – 20180828

WritingIIILuke 22:24  “…which of them should be considered the greatest”
Greatest in Jesus’s kingdom.  They figured He would conquer the Romans and set up His Messianic kingdom on earth as it was prophesied.  Surely since they were part of the twelve they would each have some high ranking position in His kingdom.  But who would be the greatest among them.

26  “…let him be as the younger…”
Usually seen as the ones who serve.  Acts speaks of the young men in the congregation who took care of things.  Sort of the natural order of things.  Younger doing the smaller, more menial tasks.  Given more responsibility as they get older.

28-30  “…those who have continued with Me…I bestow upon you a kingdom…sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel”
They would receive reward for their service.  But their attitude must be that of servants, not as those who lord it over others.

31  “…he may sift you as wheat”
Satan wanted to test him, torment him, to see if he was genuine.  Much like he did Job.  He wasn’t trying to make Peter better.  He probably stated as he did with Job that Peter would fail under pressure.

32  “…when you have returned to Me…”
Jesus knew Peter was going to stumble big time.  He had already prayed for him and was warning him about what was to come.  And He gave him hope.  He knew Peter’s faith was there, but was weak enough to falter.  But He also knew Peter could come back, and He encouraged him to do so and strengthen his brethren when he did.

34  “…you will deny three times that you know Me”
Hard to imagine that Peter wasn’t able to see his failures after this warning.  I can see losing his courage and denying Christ once, but after that it seems like it should have rung a bell in his mind.  But it didn’t.  Can’t be too hard on him.  Hard to imagine what was going through their minds when Jesus was arrested.  We can look back at it, but they were living it.  And they didn’t have the benefit of the Holy Spirit.

36-37  “…money bag…a knapsack…sword…He was numbered with the transgressors…the things concerning Me have an end”
Jesus knew what was going to happen to Him.  He would be considered a criminal, and His disciples would be also.  While He wanted them to continue to depend on God for their necessities, those necessities would now include what they could carry.  Provisions for their needs and personal protection.  To me, this answers the question some have about whether Christians should seek to protect themselves from danger or simply live as sheep and expect God to never allow anyone to harm them.  Or if someone does harm them, it is God’s will.  I can’t justify that idea when I blend it with other verses.  We should show great patience, grace, and mercy whenever possible, but I think God also expects us to take care of ourselves and those around us.

38  “…It is enough”
Commentaries were varied in their answers due to many ideas.  It’s always seemed to me this was another instance when Jesus was trying to tell them something important with deep meaning, and they only picked out a few words with shallow results.  Jesus speaks somewhat from exasperation and simply says it is enough.  You missed the point, but I’m sure you’ll catch it later.

I hope you enjoy reading and studying His word.  May it accomplish what He desires.  Please feel free to comment or post questions.  Thanks for reading!

Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

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