Bible Study Notes on Luke 22:39-53 – 20180831

WritingIIILuke 22:39  “…as He was accustomed…”
The garden area of the Mount of Olives was a common place for Jesus.  Probably the reason Judas knew He would be there.

41  “…about a stone’s throw…”
Someone had to be awake long enough to know this and pass it on.  Only someone there would know.

42  “…if it is Your will, take this cup away…nevertheless not My will, but Yours…”
His humanity did not want to experience what was coming.  And He asked the Father to take it away.  Some have the impression that to ask is to show lack of faith, but Jesus asked.  He followed it with not My will but Yours be done, but He expressed His desire that it be taken away.  Honest feelings, but a committed heart attitude.  Feeling isn’t a sin.  It’s what we do with them.

43  “…an angel appeared…”
Luke is the only one to mention it.  And NU leaves it out entirely, which isn’t surprising considering how much it leaves out overall.  Not sure why it was mentioned other than to give more weight to His humanity.  Being human He needed strengthening as any other man.  One commentary alluded that some question His divinity because of it, but the idea was for Him to do this as a man.  Only He could be all God and all man.

44  “…His sweat became like great drops of blood…”
Some debate over the exact meaning of this part.  One is that it means He sweated actual blood.  The other is that His sweat became so thickened that it was like drops of blood rather than water.  Apparently both conditions are possible and both point to extreme stress in the individual.  I don’t have an indication either way.

45  “…sleeping from sorrow”
I’m betting this was from exhaustion.  Not sure where the sorrow would have come from.  They still didn’t realize exactly what was going on or what was about to happen.  Commentary tried to make a good deal about it, but I don’t see it.  However, if there was true sorrow over something, napping off wouldn’t surprise me, especially as it was also very early in the morning.

47  “…drew near to Jesus to kiss Him”
Luke makes it sound like Judas only attempted to kiss Jesus, but Matthew and Mark both say he told the soldiers he was going to as a sign and that he did so.  I’m thinking it probably depends on who’s telling the story and which one gave Luke the information.  It could have looked like either way depending on where you were standing when it happened.  Another good reason we have four gospels.

50  “…one of them struck the servant of the high priest and cut off his right ear”
Actually Peter.  Another of the writers tells us the name of the servant.  To get his ear, Peter would have been swinging at his head.  The man ducked to his left and got his right ear sliced off.

53  “…the power of darkness”
What they were doing was sin, but they were being allowed to do it.  Strange that God will use man’s sin or the results or consequences of it to work good.  He doesn’t want it, orchestrate it, or condone it.  But He is sovereign over all.  The final results are still under His control.  The men could have taken Him any day in the temple if they’d had legitimate cause, but they didn’t.  So now they have come with swords and clubs thinking they might have to fight to get Him.  Those with agendas tend to go to extremes.

I hope you enjoy reading and studying His word.  May it accomplish what He desires.  Please feel free to comment or post questions.  Thanks for reading!

Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

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