Exodus 11:1 “And the LORD said to Moses…”
Verse 1 through verse 8 takes place in the palace before Moses leaves Pharaoh. This is why at the end of chapter 10 Moses tells Pharaoh he won’t see Moses’s face again. What is mentioned here is told to Pharaoh before Moses leaves.
1 “…I will bring one more plague on Pharaoh and on Egypt. Afterward he will let you go…”
Plague number ten, death of the firstborn. And God says this will complete the catastrophes. After this one, Pharaoh will let the people go.
1 “…he will surely drive you out…”
And not just let them go, but force them out, demand they leave.
2 “…let every man ask from his neighbor and every woman from her neighbor, articles of silver and articles of gold”
This is an interesting situation. After all that has happened with Moses and the plagues and after all the years of the Israelites being slaves to the Egyptians, God is going to give them favor in their neighbors’ eyes to the point the neighbors will give them whatever they ask, including gold and silver. So, even without military action, the Israelites will plunder the wealth of Egypt on their way out. God has His people plunder the Egyptians, and the Egyptians will be happy about it. What an awesome God!
5 “…all the firstborn of the animals”
They were included as well. All the firstborns.
7 “…that you may know that the LORD does make a difference between the Egyptians and Israel”
No speculation that it was a random event or coincidence. Only the Egyptians and their property were to be harmed. Israelites will have to perform the Passover ritual, but the purpose is against the Egyptians only.
8 “”And all these your servants shall come down to me and bow down to me, saying, ‘Get out, and all the people who follow you!’ After that I will go out.” Then he went out from Pharaoh in great anger.”
Nice little final rant from Moses. Pharaoh had just threatened to kill him the next time he saw Moses. So Moses informs him that after this final, terrible plague, all of Pharaoh’s servants will come beg Moses to leave. Only then will Moses actually go. Pharaoh has never been and is not now in any form of control over the situation.
9 “…Pharaoh will not heed you…”
He’s not talking about afterward. He’s referring to now. Moses has just told him the plague is coming, and that it will be terrible, but Pharaoh won’t listen. God’s action against Egypt will be complete.
10 “So Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh; and the LORD hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not let the children of Israel go out of his land.”
A good conclusion statement. Moses and Aaron did all that God told them to do, but Pharaoh didn’t listen. Also need to mention the phrase used many times, the LORD hardened Pharaoh’s heart. It makes it sound like Pharaoh didn’t have a choice. But that’s not how God operates, even though He is absolute sovereign over all things. Would be hard to say exactly how to interpret that phrase given all the variables. God’s sovereignty, Pharaoh’s free will, the fact that it’s being told as a narrative, a story. The easiest way to see it is that Pharaoh had no interest in believing in God or what He could do, and was fully vested in seeing himself as supreme and in control. So everything God did only made him resent God more instead of causing him to give up and accept the truth. The same thing happens to people that won’t surrender self to accept Christ. In calamity, some see the truth and ask God for mercy while others refuse to accept they aren’t in control and curse Him.
I hope you enjoy reading and studying His word. May it accomplish what He desires. Please feel free to comment or post questions. Thanks for reading!
Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.