Bible Study Notes on Exodus 12:1-28 – 20181210

WritingIIIExodus 12:2  “This month shall be your beginning of months…”
Established the first month of the Hebrew annual calendar.  Referred to as Abib or Nisan.

3  “…On the tenth of this month every man shall take for himself a lamb…”
Establishing the time for Passover to begin on the tenth of the month of Nisan.

3  “…a lamb for a household”
The lamb would cover the whole household.

4  “…according to each man’s need you shall make your count for the lamb”
Provision for the poor.  If a family couldn’t afford a lamb, they could join with neighbors, and a single lamb would cover them all.

5  “…lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year…”
Requirements for the lamb.  Of the first year, a male, and without blemish.  Of the first year would be within a year of birth or no older than a year.

5  “…You may take it from the sheep or from the goats”
Often an overlooked point.  Didn’t have to be a lamb.  Could be a kid.

6  “…fourteenth day of the same month…shall kill it at twilight”
Select the lamb on the tenth, then kill it at twilight on the fourteenth.  Several ideas as to the time span.  Most assume time to thoroughly examine it.  The time of death is paralleled with Christ’s death, the ultimate and true Passover sacrifice.  Not sure how the days of separation coincide.  They may not specifically.  May just show that the spotless lamb was chosen and examined.

7  “…the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses…”
The sign of the blood would keep the death angel from entering the house.  Christ’s blood cleanses us from sin and thus prevents death from having any power over us.

11  “…belt on your waist, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand…”
Eat on the run.  God was going to move so they needed to be ready to move quickly also.  They were to eat the lamb roasted whole.  No taking time to separate the parts or boil it.  Roast it all and consume it all, or burn anything that was left.  Have your clothes on, ready to leave at a moment’s notice.  No time to let the bread rise so it’s unleavened, and eat it with bitter herbs.  These would later be used to symbolize the bitter oppression they suffered at the hands of the Egyptians.  One commentary also mentioned the herbs could be a reference to personal repentance of sin, preparing the heart for Christ.

12  “…against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment:  I am the LORD”
No false god will be able to withstand the action of the one true God.

13  “…when I see the blood, I will pass over you…”
The moniker of the memorial.  God passed over those who had the blood of the sacrificial lamb.

14  “…You shall keep it as a feast by an everlasting ordinance”
No ending to the Passover observance.  To be observed down through the generations.  It is the symbol of what Christ did for all mankind.  He fulfilled the Passover.  The Passover was the marker pointing to the Cross.

18  “…on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the twenty-first day…”
Feast of unleavened bread.  They cleared their houses of leaven, then began a seven day period of eating only unleavened bread, from the fourteenth until the twenty-first.

26-27  “…when your children say to you…It is the Passover sacrifice of the LORD, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt when He struck the Egyptians and delivered our households”
A sign to generations to come.  To remind them of how God saved them from death.  And it points to Christ on the Cross where God saved them and all mankind from death ultimately.

I hope you enjoy reading and studying His word.  May it accomplish what He desires.  Please feel free to comment or post questions.  Thanks for reading!

Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

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